Maryland has four distinct growing regions, allowing for a wide diversity of grape varieties that will thrive throughout the State.
A majority of the state's vineyards are planted in Central Maryland, from the foothills west of Frederick, Maryland to the head of the Chesapeake Bay. Here you’ll find the state's oldest wineries as well as the Frederick Wine Trail
, Carrol Wine Trail
and Piedmont Wine Trail
. Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Chardonnay and Pinot Gris are the stars of this region, which consists of Harford, Baltimore, Carroll, Howard, Montgomery and Frederick Counties.
The Eastern Shore is known for its warm days and cool nights. The soil is sandy and well-drained, and the climate is moderated by the Chesapeake Bay. A wide variety of grapes are growing throughout the Upper Shore (Cecil, Kent and Queen Anne's Counties), Mid Shore (Talbot, Dorchester and Caroline Counties) and Lower Shore (Somerset, Worcester and Wicomocio Counties). This is the fastest-growing region in Maryland, and is highlighted by the Chesapeake Wine Trail
Southern Maryland gets hot, and stays hot night and day for most of the summer. This may not be good for some varieties, but help Southern Italian and other Mediterranean varieties excel. Barbera, Sangiovese, Montepulciano, Chardonnay, Vidal, Blaufrankisch, Symphony and other varieties excel in the region, which consists of Anne Arundel, Prince George's, Calvert, Charles and St. Mary's Counties. Visit the wineries of the Patuxent Wine Trail
in the Southern Plain.
Western Maryland plays host to a number of vineyards and two wineries. Grapes in this region must be more cold-hardy and able to withstand long winters and a short growing season. Varieties such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Petit Verdot, Chardonnay, Norton/Cynthiana, Chambourcin, Vidal and Seyval grow well here. The region consists of Washington, Allegany and Garrett Counties.